Combustion of Christmas Nuts

You will need

  • 1 Sharp knife
  • Matches
  • Heat proof surface, for example a pan or a ceramic plate
  • 1 Potato
  • 1 Peanut
  • 1 Almond
  • 1 Walnut
  • If you are allergic to nuts you can use sunflower and pumpkin seeds instead.

What to do

  1. Cut a potato into a long cylinder or a tall rectangular cube.
  2. Carefully cut a long thin strip from the peanut, almond and walnut.
  3. Stick 1 peanut strip into the top of the potato. The potato will hold the peanut while it is burning.
  4. Light the peanut strip with a match. Let it burn until it goes out.
  5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 with one almond and one walnut strip.
  6. Which nut burns longest? Which nut is easiest to light?

Background

Nuts contain oil that can be lit to create a fire. The oil and the oxygen from the air undergo a chemical change during the fire turning them into carbon dioxide gas and steam. This type of reaction producing a fire is called “combustion”.

The nut that lights fastest and burns longest contains most oil. Which nut contained most oil?

You can watch a video of the experiment here:

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